ADAS systems designed to keep the vehicle within the lane markers use a camera to determine the vehicle's position. Cameras are usually located against the windshield glass or around the rearview mirror. Cameras aid in lane departure warning, surround view, and surround view park assistance.
The Basics of ADAS
What is ADAS?
An Advanced Driver-Assistance System also known as ADAS is a sophisticated network of electronic technologies for modern vehicles intended to automate certain aspects of driving and improve driver situational awareness in order to increase safety.
ADAS employs radar, sensors and cameras to assess a vehicle's speed, tendencies and environment. This information is used to reduce the driver's recognition time, processing time, decision time and response time.
Why is ADAS important?
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, driver error is a factor in 94% of vehicle crashes, making human error the leading cause of accidents. ADAS was developed to improve safety by providing warnings, alerts and other assistance to the driver. Recent research indicates that ADAS technology, properly employed and maintained, is significantly reducing the outcome of accidents.
Did you know?
Evolution of Vehicle Technology
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS) made it possible to create an Electronic Stability Control (ESC), which required an ABS system, steering angle sensor and other sensors. Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) and Lane Departure (LDW) were made possible through the development of radar, laser and camera-based technology.
Types of ADAS systems: Passive vs. active
Passive refers to features that are designed to alert the driver but do not actively control vehicle movements. Common passive ADAS features include anti-lock braking systems (ABS), electronic stability control (ESC) and tire pressure monitoring systems (TPMS).
Active refers to features that take actionable steps to avoid potential accidents. Common active ADAS features include adaptive cruise control (ACC), automatic emergency braking (AEB), blind spot monitoring (BSM) and lane departure warnings (LDW).
Benefits of ADAS
- Improved driver assistance
- Reduced human driving errors
- Increased environmental awareness
- Enhanced road safety
- Fewer collisions
- Reduced injuries and fatalities
- Improved traffic management
Common ADAS Features
ADAS features, also known as ADAS applications, are safety-specific technologies integrated into modern vehicles. These functionalities are designed to provide real-time warnings and automated interventions based on surrounding environments.
ESCElectronic stability control
ESC helps avoid crashes and rollovers caused by oversteering or understeering a vehicle. It measures the driver input and compares it to the lateral force, yaw rate and individual wheel speed of the vehicle.
EPSElectronic power steering
An electronic motor and control module provides steering assistance to the driver when needed. Data is gathered from inputs such as vehicle speed sensors, traction and stability control systems, and torque sensor.
ACCAdaptive cruise control
ACC is an optional cruise control system that automatically adjusts vehicle speed to maintain a safe distance from vehicles ahead. The driver may also set the desired gap by pressing a button to cycle among short, medium and long following distances.
AFSActive front steering
AFS electronically varies the degree of responsiveness between the steering wheel and the front wheels. AFS is designed to increase the steering/front wheel turning ratio at low speeds and decrease the ratio at high speeds.
LDWLane departure warning
LDW system detects lane markings and warns the driver if the lane is left without signaling. Advanced verisons steer the vehicle back into the lane.
LKSLane keeping system
LKS technology uses cameras to oversee vehicle's lane position. It helps the car stay centered in the lanes.
Additional ADAS Features
FCWForward collision warning
FCW is designed to avoid or reduce the severity of an accident. It uses radar, cameras and sometimes lasers to detect an imminent crash.
BSMBlind spot monitoring
BSM alerts the driver if another vehicle is in the blind spot when changing lanes. This technology can be found on the sideview mirror.
AEBAutomatic emergency braking
The AEB function detects an impending forward crash with another vehicle and applies brakes in time to avoid or mitigate the crash.
ABSAnti-lock braking system
ABS prevents the vehicle's wheels from locking up and helps keeps the car from skidding when the brakes are applied with force.
TSCTraction control system
Traction control is designed to prevent a vehicle’s wheels from spinning on slippery surfaces.
APAAutomatic parking assist
And APA system uses radar, sensors and camera to take autonomous control of parking a vehicle.
Did you know?
ADAS & manufacturer terminology
Automakers have their own branded safety feature terms, and names for the same functionality differ widely throughout the industry. For example, adaptive cruise control technology may be also be referred to as smart cruise control, intelligent cruise control or traffic-awareness cruise control. This lack of standardization causes confusion for consumers and technicians alike.
How ADAS Works
Advanced driver-assistance systems work by using a combination of cameras, radar, ultrasonic sensors and other inputs to create a fusion of information on the vehicle's environment to alert the driver or take corrective action as necessary.
Many ADAS systems utilize ultrasound sensors to measure the proximity of objects nearby and take any needed corrective action. Sensors assist in applications like parking assistance.
Radar supplies the needed information for detecting surrounding objects for multiple ADAS systems, such as collision avoidance, cross-traffic alert and adaptive cruise control.
What is ADAS Calibration?
Calibration is the necessary periodic maintenance that ensures the systems are working properly.
ADAS calibration is the critically precise placement, alignment and testing of electronic sensors. The goal of ADAS calibration is to ensure these components have correct data input to respond accurately and effectively to the car’s surroundings.
Miscalibrated ADAS components can have a serious impact on vehicle safety.
When is ADAS calibration required?
ADAS calibration is needed whenever a vehicle sensor or camera is disturbed in any way, whether damaged or undamaged. ADAS components can be impacted by the following:
Sensor brake replacement
Front airbag deployment
Types of ADAS calibration: Static vs. dynamic
Static calibration refers to calibration taking place when the vehicle is parked. This type of calibration is specifically tailored for a workshop environment.
Dynamic calibration refers to calibrations performed when the vehicle is driving, or in motion. A full ADAS calibration can be performed with a hand-held device plugged directly into the vehicle.
It's a popular misconception that ADAS calibration tools require huge floor space.
Most vehicles will not need all ADAS functions adjusted at the same time, so simultaneous front, side and rear views are rarely necessary.
When multiple systems do require service, the vehicle can be repositioned within the existing space for each individual calibration.
1. Minimum floor space — 25 ft. x 34 ft.
2. Recommended floor space — 30 ft. x 45 ft.
3. Optimal floor space — 40 ft. x 60 ft.
Did you know?
ADAS calibration & OEM shop space
Different OEMs recommend or require different shop space for ADAS calibrations. However, the largest share of calibrations can be perfomed in 10 feet or less for multiple OEMs.
Future of ADAS
Today, more than 60 million vehicles have ADAS components, and that number will only increase: AAA states that 96 percent of 2020 vehicle models came equipped with at least one ADAS function. In 2023 automatic emergency braking will be required, while the government already mandates other safety-related features, such as antilock braking, electronic stability control and back-up cameras. Unless you find yourself working on a Nash Rambler, it’s likely best to assume ADAS.
New capabilities derived from artifical intelligence and machine learning will play a major role in the next level of safety systems.
Rise in ADAS Calibrations
At least one-third of these vehicles will need calibration following common services, such as a wheel alignment.
ADAS Market Growth
The global ADAS market is expected to grow from 42.62 billion in 2022 to 124.31 billion by 2029.
What is ADAS?
Advanced driver-assistance systems, or ADAS, refers to electronic technologies integrated into modern vehicles to 1) automate certain aspects of driving and 2) improve driver situational awareness.
What does ADAS stand for?
ADAS is an acronym for advanced driver-assistance system.
How does ADAS work?
Using cameras, ultrasound sensors, and radar technology, ADAS gathers information on the vehicle's environment to provide real-time warnings and automated safety interventions whenever necessary.
When do I need ADAS calibration?
Calibration is required when ADAS cameras or sensors change in any way, whether damaged or undamaged. These components can be impacted after a collison, fender bender, windshield replacement, wheel alignment, suspension repair, change in tires, sensor brake replacement or front airbag deployment.
How long does ADAS calibration take?
The time duration of an ADAS calibration depends on the type calibration required and the available equipment. Hunter has engineered dynamic and static ADAS equipment to cut down calibration by more than 50 percent for many procedures. Learn more information on DAS 3000
How much shop space is needed to perform ADAS calibrations?
The amount of space required for ADAS calibrations is likely less than most people think. The majority of calibrations can be performed within only 10 feet. Occasions when all ADAS functions need to be calibrated simultaneously, and thus require a large space, are relatively rare. See space requirements for DAS 3000
What types of automotive service shops would benefit from ADAS technology?
Collison shops, general repair shops, calibration centers, tire dealers, and dealerships would all profitably benefit from performing in-house calibrations using increasingly sophisticated yet easy-to-use ADAS equipment.
Where can I learn more about ADAS calibration and equipment?